Federal Skilled Trade

Federal Skilled Trade

The Federal Skilled Trade (FST) program is a popular immigration program for tradespersons. It is one of the three programs for immigration using the Express Entry system. Like other programs under this system, the FST also uses the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) to rank candidates. The top-ranking candidates get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residency.

The FST is a vital immigration program for Canadians. A large percentage of immigrants to Canada make it to the country through this platform. This is the ideal program for qualified tradespeople. They can hope to achieve permanent Canadian residency and the right to work and live in the country permanently.


To qualify for FST, you must have a minimum of two years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade or equivalent part-time in the last five years. The program considers the work experience obtained only after you have obtained a valid trade certification from your resident country.

Apart from having the necessary work experience, you must also meet additional eligibility criteria as mentioned in the FSW program:

Canada Employment

You must have valid full-time employment in the trade you are skilled in for at least 12 months. Alternatively, you must have a certificate of qualification for your skilled trade. This certificate is issued by a provincial or territorial authority of Canada.


You must have a minimum of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 4 on an approved English or French language test.

Residence in Canada

You must clearly indicate that you plan to live outside of the province of Quebec.

If you comply with all these factors, you will be eligible to submit an Express Entry profile for the Federal Skilled Trade program. However, you must also meet the basic admissibility requirements. You may not be admissible despite meeting all the qualifying marks for Express Entry if you face any criminal offenses or suffer from a serious medical condition.

Procedure for FST Application

You are eligible to submit an Express Entry profile to the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) if you meet the above conditions. However, submission is no guarantee that you will receive Canadian permanent residence. Your CRS score will be the benchmark for all future Express Entry draws and will decide whether you will get an Invitation to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence.

You may have to provide information from multiple documents while creating an Express Entry profile for FST.

Language Proficiency Test Results

You must share results from an approved language. It must have been taken within the last two years.

Identification Documents

You must provide information from identification documents. Generally, all members accompanying must have valid passports

Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA)

Educational documents are not mandatory for FST. However, you can claim points under the education head when you present the relevant educational documents. You must provide a valid ECA report that indicates the value of foreign education by Canadian standards. If you have studied at a Canadian institution, this is not required.

Proof of Funds

You must be able to establish your financial stability to the IRCC by showing that you have the funds needed to support yourself and your family when you land in Canada after obtaining permanent residency. This requirement is waived if you are legally eligible to work in Canada and have an eligible job offer.

If you are planning to migrate to Canada using the Federal Skilled Trade Program, you must make sure you understand the processes clearly. As multiple documents are involved, you may falter in the filing process if you are not careful. SunnySpire makes sure that all our clients can successfully apply for the FST program. As the leading immigration service in Canada, we can help you understand the program better.

Free Immigration Assessment